James Lovelock, environmental scientist who created Gaia ecology theory, dies at 103

James Lovelock, the environmental scientist whose influential Gaia principle sees the Earth as a living organism gravely imperilled by human exercise has died on his 103rd birthday.

Lovelock’s family members stated Wednesday that he died the preceding night “in his house surrounded by his spouse and children,” from problems linked to a slide. The family explained that till six months back Lovelock “was still ready to stroll along the coastline near his household in Dorset and get element in interviews, but his well being deteriorated after a lousy fall before this 12 months.”

Born in 1919, Lovelock researched chemistry, medicine and biophysics in the U.K. and the U.S. He worked at the Medical Analysis Council in Britain and in the 1960s on NASA’s moon and Mars applications at the Jet Propulsion Laboratory in Pasadena, Calif. But he put in significantly of his profession as an impartial scientist outside of big tutorial institutions.

Lovelock’s contribution to environmental science integrated building a product to measure ozone-depleting chlorofluorocarbons in the ambiance and pollutants in air, soil and drinking water.

View | CBC’s George Stroumboulopoulos interviews James Lovelock in 2009:

Dr. James Lovelock is a environment renowned scientist who sadly believes we are all useless meat.

The Gaia speculation, initial proposed in the 1970s, saw the Earth itself as a sophisticated, self-regulating procedure that created and taken care of the circumstances for everyday living on the world. Lovelock stated human action had thrown the method dangerously out of kilter.

“The biosphere and I are the two in the previous one per cent or our lives,” he explained to The Guardian newspaper in 2020.

In the beginning dismissed by lots of scientists, the Gaia theory turned influential as issue about humanity’s outcome on the world grew, not least because of its electric power as a metaphor. Gaia is the Greek goddess of the Earth.

Lovelock is survived by his spouse Sally and youngsters Christine, Jane, Andrew and John. 

“To the world, he was ideal identified as a scientific pioneer, weather prophet and conceiver of the Gaia theory,” they mentioned in a assertion. “To us, he was a loving partner and excellent father with a boundless sense of curiosity, a mischievous feeling of humor and a passion for nature.”

The loved ones explained there would be a personal funeral, followed by a general public memorial service at a afterwards day.